IELex

Cognate class 274

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes inherited ie. word *reudh- 'red' (Buck). Also cognate are: Lith. raũdas 'reddish brown, bay, reddish', Ru. dial. rúdyj 'blood-red', SCr. rud 'reddish', Lat. rūfus 'red, tawny, red-haired' (Kroonen, 2013).
Citation: NIL = Wodtko, Dagmar S., Irslinger, Britta & Schneider, Carolin. ... Pages: 580-584 View Adjectives based on PIE *(h₁)reu̯dʰ- 'to make red' (LIV 508f.).
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)reu̯dʰ- red ★★★ View
2 Tocharian A rtär red ★★★ View
3 Tocharian B ratre red ★★★ View
4 Mycenaean Greek e-ru-ta-ra erutʰrá red Adj.fem.sg.nom. in My Ge 602.4A, etc. See DMic. for full range of attestations. Generally interpreted as the adjective ἐρυθρός (fem. ἐρυθρά) 'red' in Classical Greek of the first milennium BCE. ★★★ View
5 Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός erytʰrós red G.sg. ἐρυθροῦ; ἐρυθρός, ἐρυθρά, ἐρυθρόν. ★★★ View
6 Greek ερυθρός red EXCLUDE. ★★★ View
7 Avestan raoiδitō red ★★ View
8 Vedic Sanskrit rṓhitas red ★★★ View
9 Pāḷī lohita red ★★★ View
10 Assamese rɒŋa rɒŋa red related to ‘color’ raŋ View
11 Oriya rɔŋɡɔ rɔŋɡɔ red View
12 Slovenian rdeč ərˈdɛtʃ red ★★★ View
13 Lithuanian raudonas rɐʊˈdo:nɐs red Reddish. ★★ View
14 Old Norse rauðr rauðr red ★★★ View
15 Icelandic rauður ˈrøɪːðʏr red Replaced RAUOR. ★★ View
16 Faroese reyður ˈɹɛiːjʊɹ red ★★★ ★★ View
17 Norwegian Riksmal rød ɾøː red ★★ View
18 Stavangersk røe ˈʁøːə red ★★★ View
19 Old Swedish rödher ˈrøːðer red ★★ View
20 Swedish röd røːd red ★★ View
21 Swedish Vilhelmina RO red ★★ View
22 Swedish Uppland ROD red ★★ View
23 Elfdalian roð roːð red ★★★ View
24 Danish rød ʁøðˀ red ★★ View
25 Danish Fjolde ryør ɹyøɹ red ★★ View
26 Gutnish Lau raudar ˈraudar red ★★ View
27 Old English rēad red ★★★ View
28 English red rɛd red ★★ View
29 Frisian rea, read rɪ.ə, rɪ.ət red ★★ View
30 Dutch rood rot red ★★ View
31 Flemish ROOD red ★★ View
32 Afrikaans ROOI red ★★ View
33 Sranan REDI red ★★ View
34 Old High German rōt red ★★★ View
35 German rot ro:t red ★★ View
36 Pennsylvania Dutch ROEDT red ★★ View
37 Luxembourgish rout red ★★★ View
38 German Switzerland root red ★★★ View
39 Gothic rauþs red ★★★ View
40 Latin ruber ˈruber red ruber, rubra, rubrum (G.sg.m. rubrī) ★★★ View
41 Catalan roig rɔtʃ red ★★ View
42 Spanish rojo 'roxo red ★★ View
43 Sardinian Cagliari ARRUBIU red ★★ View
44 Sardinian Logudoro RUJU red ★★ View
45 Sardinian Nuoro RUJU red ★★ View
46 French Creole Dominica WUZ red ★★ View
47 Walloon RODJE red ★★ View
48 French rouge ʀuʒ red ★★ View
49 Provencal ROUGE red ★★ View
50 Provencal JO red ★★ View
51 Dolomite Ladino ros red ★★ View
52 Friulian ros red ★★★ View
53 Italian rosso 'rosso red ★★ View
54 Gaulish roudos red Attested in names, e.g. Rudianus (an epithet of Mars), Roudius. ★★★ View
55 Old Irish rúad ru:əð red ★★★ View
56 Old Cornish rud red ★★★ View
57 Middle Cornish rudh ry:ð red ★★★ View
58 Old Breton rud(d) red ★★★ View
59 Middle Breton ruz ˈryːð red The Catholicon (1499) translates 'rouge, Latin rubeus, ruber'. ★★★ View
60 Breton ruz ˈryː, ˈryːz red ★★★ View
61 Old Welsh rud red Middle Welsh. ★★★ View
62 Welsh rhudd red originally CC 1825 ★★★ View
63 Irish rua red ★★★ View
64 Scottish Gaelic ruadh ruəɣ red ★★★ View
65 Manx ruy red ★★★ View
66 [Legacy] Greek K ERUTHROUS red ★★ View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian RUDJCE red ★★ View
68 [Legacy] Lithuanian O RAUDONAS red ★★ View
69 [Legacy] German Munich rot red < Pr. Germ. *rauda- ‘red’. ★★★ View
70 [Legacy] French Creole C HWUZ red ★★ View
71 [Legacy] Breton St ruz ry:s red ★★★ View
72 [Legacy] Breton Se RU red ★★ View
73 [Legacy] Irish A rūad red Standard Irish ★★★ View