IELex

Cognate class 2435

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes Walde gives *ko-, ke- 'this' (1930: 1.452), Mallory gives *kis- (2008: 418), cognate with 'that' /cognate/2441/, 'he' /cognate/235/, 'they' in /cognate/3008/ and 'here' /cognate/239/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *kos, *koh₂, *kod this ★★★ View
2 Hittite kās this AF: KI ★★★ View
3 Luvian zās this ★★★ View
4 Palaic ka- this ★★★ View
5 Old Church Slavonic сь sɪ̆ this An alternative lexeme is 'овъ'. However, its meaning can vary or is something between 'this' and 'that' and it is rarely used as a separate pronoun (it is rather used in contructions like 'this..., other...'. ★★★ View
6 Old Prussian schis this ★★ View
7 Latvian šis this ★★★ View
8 Lithuanian SIS, SITAS this ★★★ View
9 Catalan aquest ə’kɛt this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309). Removed EST. ★★★ View
10 Portuguese isto ˈiʃtu this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309). Removed ESTE. Also isso 'near you'. ★★★ View
11 Spanish este 'este this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
12 Sardinian Cagliari KUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
13 Sardinian Logudoro CUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
14 Sardinian Nuoro KUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
15 French ceci səsi this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
16 Provencal CO, ACO this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
17 Ladin QUAIST, QUIST this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
18 Dolomite Ladino chešt this Online dictionary gives same form but without diacritic. ★★★ View
19 Romansh quei this = Lat ecce + iste/ea. ★★★ View
20 Friulian chei this ★★★ View
21 Italian questo 'kwesto this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
22 Romanian acesta aˈʧesta this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
23 Vlach AESTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★★ View
24 [Legacy] Brazilian isto ˈistu this near speaker. ★★ View