IELex

Cognate class 2307

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes
Citation: Scarborough, Matthew (University of Cambridge/Max Planck Institute for the Science ... Pages: View Root identical with present stem *u̯ei̯d- 'see' in /cognate/929/. Irregular perfect formation *u̯oi̯d-h₂e with present meaning (i.e. to the resultative state of seeing something in the past = 'to know').
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *u̯ei̯d- know Perf. *u̯ói̯d- 'have seen' > 'know' ★★★ View
2 Ancient Greek οἶδα óì̯da know Inf. εἰδέναι. Irregular verb; cf. notes in cognate coding. ★★★ View
3 Classical Armenian գիտեմ gitem know ★★★ View
4 Armenian Eastern gitenal gitɛˈnɑl know cf. Martirosyan 210, 338 ★★★ View
5 Armenian Western KIDNAL know ★★★ View
6 Avestan vaēδa know ★★★ View
7 Vedic Sanskrit vḗda know ★★★ View
8 Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти vædæti know ★★★ View
9 Polish wiedzieć ˈvjɛdʑɛtɕ know ★★★ View
10 Belarusian ведаць ˈvʲɛdatsʲ know ★★★ View
11 Slovak vedieť ˈvɛɟiɛc know ★★★ View
12 Czech vědět ˈvjɛɟɛt know ★★★ View
13 Sorbian Upper wědźeć wedʒɛtʃ know ★★★ View
14 Sorbian Lower wěźeś ˈwɪʑeɕ know ★★★ View
15 Slovenian vedeti ˈvěːdɛti know ★★★ View
16 Old Prussian waist know inf. ★★ View
17 Old Norse vita ˈviːta know AF veit ★★★ View
18 Icelandic vita ˈvɪːta know Also 'to see, check'. ★★★ View
19 Faroese vita ˈviːta know ★★★ View
20 Norwegian Riksmal vite ˈʋìːtə know ★★★ View
21 Stavangersk veda ˈʋèːda know ★★★ View
22 Old Swedish vita ˈviːta know ★★ View
23 Swedish veta ˈvè:ta know ★★★ View
24 Swedish Vilhelmina VETA know ★★★ View
25 Swedish Uppland VETA know ★★★ View
26 Elfdalian witå ˈwɪ̀tɔ know ★★★ View
27 Danish vide ˈvi:ðə know ★★★ View
28 Danish Fjolde veer veːɹ know ★★ View
29 Old Gutnish vita know ★★ View
30 Gutnish Lau vitä ˈvɪːtɛ know ★★ View
31 Old English wāt know ★★★ View
32 Frisian witte 'vɪtə know Removed final -N. ★★★ View
33 Dutch weten 'wetə(n) know ★★★ View
34 Flemish WETEN know ★★★ View
35 Afrikaans WEET know ★★★ View
36 Old High German weiz know ★★★ View
37 German wissen 'vɪsn̩ know ★★★ View
38 Pennsylvania Dutch WAYSS know ★★★ View
39 Luxembourgish wëssen know ★★★ View
40 German Switzerland wüsse know ★★★ View
41 Gothic wait know ★★★ View
42 Gaulish uid- know Reconstructed form, based on attestations of male names. ★★ View
43 Old Irish ro·fitir roˈɸʹidərʹ know < IE *wid-r-, root *weid- 'to know'. ★★★ View
44 Middle Cornish godhvos 'gɔθfɔs know Compound ★★★ View
45 Old Breton gudbut know Compound ★★★ View
46 Middle Breton gouzout, gouzuout ˈguːðut know Compound of Old Breton guid-, Middle Breton gouz- 'to know' and -but, the verbal noun of 'to be'. ★★★ View
47 Breton gouzout ˈguːzut know Compound of Old Breton guid-, Middle Breton gouz- 'to know' and -but, the verbal noun of 'to be'. ★★★ View
48 Old Welsh gwybot know Compound. Middle Welsh. ★★★ View
49 Welsh gwn know Compound ★★★ View
50 Irish fios (nn.) fʲɪsˠ know In the expression bí + a fhios + ag ★★ View
51 Scottish Gaelic f(h)ios (nn.) know ★★★ View
52 Manx fys know ★★★ View
53 [Legacy] Czech E VEDET know ★★★ View
54 [Legacy] German Munich wissen know < Pr. Germ. *witan- ‘to know’. ★★★ View
55 [Legacy] Breton St gouzout 'gu:zut know ★★★ View
56 [Legacy] Breton Se GOUIEIN know ★★★ View
57 [Legacy] Welsh C GWYBOD know ★★★ View
58 [Legacy] Irish A TA A FHIOS AIGE know ("ITS KNOWLEDGE IS AT HIM") ★★★ View