IELex

Cognate class 2268

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Notes cognate with 'foot' in /cognate/1252/
Citation: Beekes, Robert. 2010. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Leiden: Brill. Pages: View Greek form presupposes *h₃nogʷʰ- or *h₃nogʰ-u- to account for the raising of radical *-o- > -u- by Cowgill's Law (i.e. -o- > -u- between a labial and a nasal, cf. νύξ 'night' < *nokʷt-s). Similarly Classical Armenian eɫungn must also reflect the same forms, but is also a secondary n-stem from the accusative.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *h₃nógʰ-s fingernail ★★★ View
2 Hittite sankuwais fingernail ★★★ View
3 Tocharian A maku fingernail pl. ★★★ View
4 Tocharian B mekwa fingernail pl. ★★ View
5 Standard Albanian thua fingernail < IE *ak- 'sharp'. View
6 Mycenaean Greek o-nu ónukʰs fingernail N.sg.m.(?) in KN Od 681.a. See DMic. for the full range of attestations. ★★★ View
7 Ancient Greek ὄνυξ ónykʰs fingernail G.sg. ὄνυχος ★★★ View
8 Tsakonian νύχι fingernail ★★ View
9 Greek νύχι ˈniçi fingernail Blažek also gives όνυχας. From dim. of Anc.Gk. ὄνυξ > ὀνύχιον. ★★★ View
10 Classical Armenian եղունգն fingernail eɫungn Derived from PIE *h3nogwh- or *h3nogh-u- 'nail'. ★★★ View
11 Armenian Western ełungn fingernail ★★ View
12 Sogdian n’γ’n fingernail Sogdian ★★★ View
13 Kurdish neynûk fingernail ★★ View
14 Zazaki nengū fingernail ★★★ View
15 Tajik noxun nɔːxun fingernail ★★ View
16 Persian NĀXUN fingernail ★★★ View
17 Shughni nōxūn fingernail ★★★ View
18 Sarikoli ni/ašɛwr fingernail ★★★ View
19 Kata-viri nʌčĩ fingernail ★★ View
20 Vasi-vari nɛči, nəč fingernail ★★★ View
21 Askunu nauċa/ə fingernail ★★★ View
22 Vedic Sanskrit nakhás fingernail ★★★ View
23 Pāḷī nakha fingernail ★★★ View
24 Assamese nɒkh nɒkh fingernail ★★ View
25 Oriya nɔkhɔ nɔkhɔ fingernail ★★ View
26 Bihari nah nah fingernail ★★ View
27 Magahi नोह noh fingernail L View
28 Marwari nūṃ fingernail ‘toe or finger nail' ★★ View
29 Urdu ناخُن nɑχʊn fingernail ★★ View
30 Lahnda NAŨH fingernail ★★★ View
31 Punjabi NAHĪ fingernail 'claw' ★★★ View
32 Kashmiri NAM fingernail ★★ View
33 Sinhalese NIYA fingernail ★★★ View
34 Romani Greece NAI fingernail European Romani ★★★ View
35 Old Church Slavonic ногъть nɔɡʊ̆tɪ̆ fingernail ★★★ View
36 Serbo-Croatian nokat ˈnɔ̂kat fingernail ★★★ View
37 Bulgarian нокът ˈnɔkət fingernail ★★★ View
38 Macedonian нокот ˈnokɔt fingernail ★★★ View
39 Russian ноготь 'nɔgɔtʲ fingernail ★★★ View
40 Polish paznokieć paˈznɔkʲɛtɕ fingernail with additional prefix paz- 'paw, claw' (Buck 1949: 245) ★★★ View
41 Belarusian ногаць ˈnɔɣatsʲ fingernail An alternative lexeme is 'пазногаць', with the same root. ★★★ View
42 Ukrainian ніготь ˈnʲiɦɔtʲ fingernail ★★★ View
43 Slovak necht nɛxt fingernail ★★★ View
44 Czech nehet ˈnɛɦɛt fingernail ★★★ View
45 Sorbian Upper nochć nɔxtʃ fingernail ★★★ View
46 Sorbian Lower nokś nɔkɕ fingernail ★★★ View
47 Slovenian noht nôːxt fingernail ★★★ View
48 Old Prussian nagutis fingernail ★★★ View
49 Latvian nags fingernail ★★★ View
50 Lithuanian nagá fingernail 'hoof' ★★★ View
51 Old Norse nagl naɣl fingernail ★★★ View
52 Icelandic nögl nœɡ̊l fingernail From Old Norse nagl id. ★★★ View
53 Faroese naglur ˈnaɡ̊lʊɹ fingernail ★★ View
54 Norwegian Riksmal negl næɪl fingernail ★★★ View
55 Stavangersk naggel ˈnaɡːəl fingernail ★★★ View
56 Old Swedish naghl naːɣl fingernail ★★ View
57 Swedish nagel ˈnɑːɡəl fingernail ★★★ View
58 Elfdalian nagel ˈnɑ̀gɛl fingernail ★★★ View
59 Danish negl nɑjˀl fingernail ★★★ View
60 Danish Fjolde næjl næjl fingernail ★★ View
61 Gutnish Lau nagäl ˈnɑːɡɛl fingernail ★★ View
62 Old English nægl fingernail ★★★ View
63 English nail neɪl fingernail ★★★ View
64 Dutch nagel 'naɣəl fingernail ★★★ View
65 German Nagel 'na:gl̩ fingernail ★★★ View
66 Luxembourgish Nol fingernail Fangernol ★★★ View
67 German Switzerland nagu fingernail ★★★ View
68 Gothic *nag-l-s fingernail ‘nail, claw’ ★★★ View
69 Latin unguis ˈungwis fingernail gen. unguis ★★★ View
70 Catalan ungla ˈuŋɡlə fingernail ★★ View
71 Spanish uña 'uɲa fingernail ★★★ View
72 French ongle ɔ̃gl fingernail ★★★ View
73 Provencal ongla ˈuŋɡlo fingernail ★★ View
74 Dolomite Ladino ongia fingernail ★★ View
75 Romansh ungla fingernail ★★★ View
76 Friulian angule fingernail ★★★ View
77 Italian unghia 'ungja fingernail ★★★ View
78 Romanian unghie fingernail ★★★ View
79 Old Irish ingen iŋʹgʹən fingernail More 'nail' than 'fingernail'. Also 'claw, hoof'. Root: *onogh- / *ongh- / *nogh- ‘finger- and toenail, claw’. Cf. also Lat unguis 'finger/toenail' (?). ★★★ View
80 Middle Cornish ewin 'ɛwɪn fingernail ★★★ View
81 Middle Breton iuin ˈiːvin fingernail ★★★ View
82 Breton ivin ˈiːvin fingernail ★★★ View
83 Welsh ewin fingernail ★★★ View
84 Irish ionga fingernail ★★★ View
85 Scottish Gaelic ìne fingernail ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Serbocroatian NOKAT fingernail ★★★ View
87 [Legacy] Serbian nokat fingernail ★★★ View
88 [Legacy] Macedonian nokt nɔkt fingernail Also 'toenail'. ★★ View
89 [Legacy] German Munich Nagel fingernail < Pr. Germ. *nagl- ‘nail’. ★★★ View
90 [Legacy] Breton St ivin 'i:vĩn fingernail ★★★ View