IELex

Cognate class 225

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *ped-, pod-; cognate with items for 'earth', cf. /cognate/2499/, 'fall' /cognate/1126/ and 'leg' in /cognate/2783/. May also be cogn. with 'split' in /lexeme/11724/
Citation: Beekes, Robert. 2010. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Leiden: Brill. Pages: View ποῦς (stem ποδ-) has generalised o-grade ablaut throughout the nominal paradigm in Ancient Greek, however the e-grade is attested in some derivations: πέδη 'fetter, shackles', πέζα 'instep', πέζος 'walker, footsoldier', πέδον 'soil, earth, ground', πέδλιον 'sandal', πεδά 'after, with, amidst'. A zero-grade is also attested in ἐπίβδα 'the day after a festival'.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *ped-, *pod- foot ★★ View
2 Hittite patas foot ★★ View
3 Luvian patās foot or possibly "pātas" ★★★ View
4 Lycian pede foot ★★★ View
5 Tocharian A pe foot View
6 Tocharian B paiyye foot ★★★ View
7 Mycenaean Greek po-de pódei̯ foot D.sg. po-de /podei̯/ (PY Ta 641.1), also instrumental º-po-pi in qe-te-ro-po-pi (PY Ae 27.a, etc.) /kʷeteropod-pʰi/ (Instrumental) 'with four feet'. ★★★ View
8 Ancient Greek πούς pȗːs foot G.sg. ποδός. ★★★ View
9 Tsakonian πουα foot ★★★ View
10 Greek πόδι ˈpo̞ði foot ★★★ View
11 Greek Lesbos PODI foot ★★ View
12 Classical Armenian ոտն ot-n foot ★★★ View
13 Armenian Eastern otk’ votkʰ foot see /lexeme/1770/. Changed from OT. ★★ View
14 Armenian Western VODK foot ★★ View
15 Avestan pāδa (du.) foot ★★ View
16 Old Persian pāda foot ★★★ View
17 Sogdian p’δ foot Sogdian ★★★ View
18 Wakhi PUED foot ★★ View
19 Baluchi PHADH foot ★★ View
20 Kurdish foot ★★ View
21 Zazaki pā foot ★★★ View
22 Tajik po pɔ: foot Removed POJ. ★★ View
23 Persian pa foot ★★ View
24 Ossetic fad fad foot split from DKB ★★ View
25 Vedic Sanskrit pā́t foot ★★ View
26 Pāḷī pāda foot ★★ View
27 Khaskura KHUTTA foot ★★ View
28 Nepali PAU foot ★★ View
29 Oriya padɔ padɔ foot cf. LEG ★★ View
30 Bengali pa pa foot Also 'leg'. ★★ View
31 Bihari pyaer pyaer foot also ‘leg’ ★★ View
32 Marwari pag foot AF peg View
33 Hindi PER foot ★★ View
34 Urdu پاؤں، پَیر pɑũ, peɾ foot ★★★ View
35 Sindhi peru foot ‘the foot, footprint’ ★★★ View
36 Lahnda PAER foot ★★ View
37 Punjabi PER foot ★★ View
38 Gujarati PEG foot View
39 Marathi pāy paj foot Removed PAUL. ★★ View
40 Kashmiri PAR, PAD, PURU foot split from DKB ★★ View
41 Sinhalese KAKULA, PAYA foot ★★ View
42 Old Norse fótr foːtr foot refers to entire lower limb ★★★ View
43 Icelandic fótur ˈfouːtʰʏr foot Replaced FOTR. Also 'leg'. ★★ View
44 Faroese fótur ˈfɔuːtʊɹ foot ★★ View
45 Norwegian Riksmal fot fuːt foot ★★ View
46 Stavangersk fod fuːd foot ★★★ View
47 Old Swedish foter ˈfoːter foot ★★ View
48 Swedish fot fuːt foot ★★ View
49 Swedish Vilhelmina FOT foot ★★ View
50 Swedish Uppland FOT foot ★★ View
51 Elfdalian fuot fʉət foot also used for "leg" ★★ View
52 Danish fod foˀð foot ★★ View
53 Danish Fjolde fuod fuoð foot ★★ View
54 Old Gutnish fotr foot ★★ View
55 Gutnish Lau fåut fout foot ★★ View
56 Old English fōt foot ★★★ View
57 English foot fʊt foot ★★ View
58 Frisian foet fuət foot ★★ View
59 Dutch voet vut foot ★★ View
60 Flemish VOET foot ★★ View
61 Afrikaans VOET foot ★★ View
62 Sranan FOETOE foot see 'leg' /lexeme/16987/ ★★ View
63 Old High German fuoz foot ★★★ View
64 German Fuss fu:s foot ★★ View
65 Pennsylvania Dutch FUUSZ foot ★★ View
66 Luxembourgish Fouss foot ★★★ View
67 German Switzerland fuess foot ★★★ View
68 Gothic fōtus foot ★★★ View
69 Oscan pedú foot ?; gen. pl. ★★★ View
70 Umbrian peři foot abl. ★★★ View
71 Latin pēs peːs foot gen. pedis ★★ View
72 Catalan peu pɛuw foot ★★ View
73 Portuguese foot ★★ View
74 Spanish pie pje foot ★★ View
75 Sardinian Cagliari PEI foot ★★ View
76 Sardinian Logudoro PE foot ★★ View
77 Sardinian Nuoro PEDE foot ★★ View
78 French Creole Dominica PYE foot ★★ View
79 Walloon PI foot ★★ View
80 French pied pje foot ★★ View
81 Provencal foot removed final -D. ★★ View
82 Ladin PE foot ★★ View
83 Dolomite Ladino foot ★★★ View
84 Romansh pei foot ★★★ View
85 Friulian pît foot ★★★ View
86 Italian piede 'pjɛde foot ★★ View
87 Romanian picior piˈʧjor foot Also 'leg'. ★★ View
88 Vlach CORU foot ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Greek K POUS foot ★★ View
90 [Legacy] Greek D PODI foot ★★ View
91 [Legacy] Greek Md PODI foot ★★ View
92 [Legacy] Brazilian PE foot ★★ View
93 [Legacy] German Munich Fuß foot < Pr. Germ. *fōta- ‘foot’. ★★★ View
94 [Legacy] French Creole C PYE foot ★★ View