IELex

Cognate class 210

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Wordlist: all

Notes Related to /cognate/328/ PIE *h₁dónt-, *h₁dn̥t- 'tooth'. Also belonging to this group: Gr. EDO (Martirosyan 2010: 644)
Citation: LIV² - Lexikon der Indogermanischen Verben (2e Auf.). 2001. Wiesbaden: ... Pages: 230-231 View S.v. *h₁ed- '(beißen -->) essen'
Citation: Beekes, Robert. 2010. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Leiden: Brill. Pages: View S.v. ἔδω, thematic ἐσθίω is formed on the basis of the inherited athematic imperative ἔσθι (Ved. addhí). < *h₁ed-dhi.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- eat "(beissen) -> essen" (LIV), cf. *h1d-ónt- "tooth". ★★★ View
2 Hittite ēz’zi eat ★★★ View
3 Luvian azti eat ★★★ View
4 Palaic ad- eat ★★★ View
5 Albanian ha eat hangra = AOR. hanger = INF. Reflects PAlb *eda derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
6 Standard Albanian ha eat ★★★ View
7 Albanian Sicily ha eat Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
8 Albanian Corinth ha eat Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
9 Albanian Gheg ha eat hanger = INF. Reflects PAlb *eda derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
10 Albanian Tosk ha eat Aor. hengera. Reflects PAlb *eda derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
11 Ancient Greek ἐσθίω estʰíɔː eat Inf. ἐσθίειν. ★★★ View
12 Classical Armenian ուտեմ ut-ɛ-m eat Irregular aorist: կերայ ker-a-y 'I ate', traditionally pronounced [kɛɾɑ]. ★★★ ★★ View
13 Armenian Eastern ուտել uˈtɛl eat (aor. stem ker-) ★★ View
14 Armenian Western ուտել udɛl eat ★★ View
15 Vedic Sanskrit átti eat ★★ View
16 Pāḷī adeti eat ★★★ View
17 Old Church Slavonic ясти jasti eat ★★★ View
18 Serbo-Croatian jesti ˈjɛ̂sti eat ★★ View
19 Bulgarian ям jam eat ★★ View
20 Macedonian јаде ˈjadɛ eat ★★ View
21 Russian есть jɛsʲtʲ eat ★★ View
22 Polish jeść jɛɕtɕ eat ★★ View
23 Belarusian есці ˈjɛsʲtsʲi eat ★★ View
24 Ukrainian їсти ˈjistɪ eat ★★ View
25 Slovak jesť jɛsc eat ★★ View
26 Czech jíst jiːst eat ★★ View
27 Sorbian Upper jěsć jɪstʃ eat ★★ View
28 Sorbian Lower jěsć jɪstɕ eat ★★ View
29 Slovenian jesti ˈjěːsti eat ★★ View
30 Old Prussian īst eat inf. ★★★ View
31 Latvian ę̂d eat ★★ View
32 Old Norse eta ˈeta eat AF etr ★★ View
33 Icelandic eta ɛːtʰa eat ★★ View
34 Icelandic borða ˈpɔrða eat Check cognate coding! X View
35 Faroese eta ˈeːta eat ★★ View
36 Norwegian Riksmal ete ˈèːtə eat ★★★ View
37 Stavangersk eda ˈèːda eat ★★★ View
38 Old Swedish äta ˈæːta eat ★★ View
39 Swedish äta ˈɛ̀:ta eat ★★ View
40 Swedish Vilhelmina ATA ETA eat ★★ View
41 Swedish Uppland ATA eat ★★ View
42 Elfdalian jätå ˈjæ̀tɔ eat ★★★ View
43 Danish æde ˈɛːðə eat ★★★ View
44 Danish Fjolde eæd eæð eat ★★ View
45 Gutnish Lau jetä ˈjeːtɛ eat ★★ View
46 Old English itt eat ★★★ View
47 English to eat i:t eat ★★ View
48 Frisian ite 'itə eat ★★ View
49 Dutch eten etə(n) eat ★★ View
50 Flemish ETEN eat ★★ View
51 Afrikaans EET eat ★★ View
52 Old High German izzit eat ★★★ View
53 German essen 'ɛsn̩ eat ★★ View
54 Pennsylvania Dutch ESS eat ★★ View
55 Luxembourgish iessen eat ★★★ View
56 German Switzerland ässe eat ★★★ View
57 Gothic itiþ eat ★★ View
58 Oscan edum eat inf. ★★★ View
59 Latin edere ˈedere eat edō, edere, ēdī, ēsus (irregular 3.sg.pres.ind.act. form ēst) ★★★ View
60 Portuguese comer kuˈmeɾ eat ★★★ View
61 Spanish comer ko'meɾ eat ★★★ View
62 [Legacy] Albanian T ha eat Reflects PAlb *eda, derived from IE *ed-. ★★★ View
63 [Legacy] Serbocroatian JESTI eat ★★ View
64 [Legacy] Serbian jesti jêsti eat ★★ View
65 [Legacy] Bulgarian P JAM eat ★★ View
66 [Legacy] Macedonian jade ˈjadɛ eat ★★ View
67 [Legacy] Russian P JEST eat ★★ View
68 [Legacy] Polish P JESC eat ★★ View
69 [Legacy] Byelorussian P JESCI eat ★★ View
70 [Legacy] Ukrainian P JISTY eat ★★ View
71 [Legacy] Czech E YEST eat ★★ View
72 [Legacy] Slovak P JEST eat ★★ View
73 [Legacy] Czech P JISTI eat ★★ View
74 [Legacy] Slovenian JEST eat ★★ View
75 [Legacy] Brazilian COMER eat ★★★ View
76 [Legacy] German Munich essen eat < Pr. Germ. *etan- ‘to eat’. ★★★ View