IELex

Cognate class 21

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *kuon-, kun- (Buck). PIE *k̑(u)wón-, *k̑un-, *k̑wn̥- m./f. 'dog' (NIL 436-440).
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *k̑uōn dog ★★★ View
2 Hittite kuwas dog ★★ View
3 Luvian zuwanis dog ★★★ View
4 Tocharian A ku dog ★★ View
5 Tocharian B ku dog ★★ View
6 Albanian kjeni dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
7 Albanian Sicily ken dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
8 Albanian Corinth ken dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
9 Albanian Gheg kjeni dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
10 Albanian Tosk ken dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
11 Mycenaean Greek *ku-na- *kun- dog Oblique stem attested in compound ku-na-ke-ta-i (D.pl. in PY Na 248). Cf. Attic κύων, G.sg. κυν-ός /lexeme/18699/ ★★★ View
12 Ancient Greek κύων kýɔːn dog G.sg. κυνός. ★★★ View
13 Tsakonian κουε dog ★★ View
14 Greek κύων ˈcio̞n dog EXCLUDE. ★★★ View
15 Classical Armenian շուն ʃun dog շուն šown ★★★ View
16 Armenian Eastern շուն ʃun dog ★★ View
17 Armenian Western շուն ʃun dog ★★ View
18 Avestan spā dog ★★★ View
19 Khotanese śve dog ★★★ View
20 Kurdish seg dog ★★★ View
21 Tajik sag sæɡ dog ★★★ View
22 Persian sag sæg dog ★★★ View
23 Waziri SPAI dog ★★ View
24 Pashto SPAJ dog ★★ View
25 Vedic Sanskrit śvā́ dog ★★★ View
26 Pāḷī suṇa dog ★★★ View
27 Kashmiri HUNU dog ★★ View
28 Russian собака sa'baka dog 'пёс' is normally 'male dog'; in the meaning 'dog' it is much less frequently used than 'собака'. L View
29 Belarusian сабака saˈbaka dog L View
30 Ukrainian собака sɔˈbaka dog L View
31 Old Prussian sunis dog ★★ View
32 Latvian suns dog ★★ View
33 Lithuanian suo ʃʊo dog ★★ View
34 Old Norse hundr hundr dog ★★ View
35 Icelandic hundur ˈhʏnd̥ʏr dog Replaced HUNDR. ★★ View
36 Faroese hundur ˈhʊnd̥ʊɹ dog ★★ View
37 Norwegian Riksmal hund hʉnː dog ★★ View
38 Stavangersk honn hunː dog ★★★ View
39 Old Swedish hunder ˈhunder dog ★★ View
40 Swedish hund hɵnd dog ★★ View
41 Swedish Vilhelmina HUN dog ★★ View
42 Swedish Uppland HUND dog ★★ View
43 Danish hund hunˀ dog ★★ View
44 Danish Fjolde huund huːnʲ dog ★★ View
45 Old Gutnish hundr dog ★★ View
46 Gutnish Lau hund hund dog ★★ View
47 Old English hund dog ★★★ View
48 Frisian hûn hun dog Changed from HOUN. ★★ View
49 Dutch hond hɔnt dog ★★ View
50 Flemish HOND dog ★★ View
51 Afrikaans HOND dog ★★ View
52 Old High German hunt dog ★★★ View
53 German Hund hʊnt dog ★★ View
54 Pennsylvania Dutch HUUNDT dog ★★ View
55 Luxembourgish Hond dog ★★★ View
56 German Switzerland hung dog ★★★ View
57 Gothic hunds dog ★★ View
58 Latin canis ˈkanis dog G.sg. canis ★★★ View
59 Portuguese cão kɐ̃ũ dog ★★ View
60 Sardinian Cagliari KANI dog ★★ View
61 Sardinian Logudoro CANE dog ★★ View
62 Sardinian Nuoro KANE dog ★★ View
63 French Creole Dominica SYE dog ★★ View
64 Walloon TCHIN dog ★★ View
65 French chien ʃi ɛ̃ dog ★★ View
66 Provencal CHIN, INO, CAN dog ★★ View
67 Ladin CHAUN dog ★★ View
68 Dolomite Ladino cian dog Online dictionary gives cien, cen. ★★★ View
69 Romansh tgaun dog ★★★ View
70 Friulian cjan dog ★★★ View
71 Italian cane 'kane dog ★★ View
72 Romanian câine ˈkɨjne dog Replaced CIINE. ★★ View
73 Vlach KYNE dog ★★ View
74 Gaulish cuno- dog Attested in numerous names, e.g. Cuno. ★★★ View
75 Old Irish ku: dog ★★★ View
76 Old Cornish ki dog ★★★ View
77 Middle Cornish ki ki: dog ★★★ View
78 Middle Breton qui, quy ˈkiː dog ★★★ View
79 Breton ki ˈkiː dog ★★★ ★★ View
80 Old Welsh ki dog Middle Welsh. ★★★ View
81 Welsh ci ki dog ★★★ View
82 Irish ku: dog ★★ View
83 Scottish Gaelic kuː dog ★★★ View
84 Manx coo dog ★★★ View
85 [Legacy] Albanian T qen cɛn dog Relatively late loanword from Lat canem or, rather, from its Balkan continuations, reflected in the lack of rhotacism in Tosk. ★★★ View
86 [Legacy] Greek K KUON dog ★★ View
87 [Legacy] Russian P SOBAKA dog ★★★ View
88 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SUO dog ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Brazilian CAO dog ★★ View
90 [Legacy] German Munich Hund dog < Pr. Germ. *hunda- 2 ‘dog’. ★★★ View
91 [Legacy] French Creole C SIE dog ★★ View
92 [Legacy] Breton St ki ki: dog ★★★ View
93 [Legacy] Breton Se KI dog ★★ View
94 [Legacy] Welsh C CI dog ★★ View