IELex

Cognate class 202

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *(s)kap- (Buck 1949: 497), cognate with 'rub' in /lexeme/11703/, 'cut' in /cognate/1466/, 'stab' in /cognate/554/ and 'split' in /cognate/1242/, see also comment on 'short' in /lexeme/21761/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Albanian Sicily KAVAR dig View
2 Ancient Greek σκάπτω skáptɔː dig Inf. σκάπτειν. ★★★ View
3 Greek σκάβω ˈskavo̞ dig Present stem σκάβω backformed to replace Anc.Gk. σκάπτω on basis of analogy (έ)τρίψα : τρίβω :: (έ)σκάψα >> σκάβω (Andriotis et al. 1999). ★★★ View
4 Greek Lesbos SKABO dig ★★ View
5 Tajik KOFTAN dig split from DKB ★★★ View
6 Romani Greece SKAVO dig L View
7 Old Church Slavonic копати kɔpɑti dig A possible alternative lexeme would be 'рыти' but in the canon it is attested in meaning 'tear, gnaw'. ★★★ View
8 Serbo-Croatian kopati ˈkɔ̌pati dig ★★ View
9 Bulgarian копая kuˈpajə dig An alternative lexeme is 'рия' which, however, refers normally to digging with the foot or muzzle. ★★ View
10 Macedonian копа ˈkopa dig An alternative lexeme is 'рие' [ri.ɛ]. However, some dictionaries suggest that this word is used for animals only. ★★ View
11 Russian копать kɔˈpatʲ dig ★★★ View
12 Polish kopać ˈkɔpaʨ dig Lit. 'to kick a hole' but means 'to dig with a spade'; also 'to kick'. ★★ View
13 Belarusian капаць kaˈpatsʲ dig An alternative lexeme 'рыць' is used for animals. ★★ View
14 Ukrainian копати kɔˈpatɪ dig ★★ View
15 Slovak kopať ˈkɔpac dig ★★ View
16 Czech kopat ˈkɔpat dig An alternative lexeme is 'rýt' but in contextes like in the "Description" the verb 'kopat' is used. ★★ View
17 Slovenian kopati kɔˈpǎːti dig ★★ View
18 [Legacy] Greek K SKAPTO dig ★★ View
19 [Legacy] Greek D SKABO dig ★★ View
20 [Legacy] Greek Md SKABO dig ★★ View
21 [Legacy] Serbocroatian KOPATI dig ★★ View
22 [Legacy] Serbian kopati kǒpati dig ★★★ View
23 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KOPAJA dig ★★ View
24 [Legacy] Macedonian KOPA dig split from DKB ★★ View
25 [Legacy] Russian P KOPAT dig ★★ View
26 [Legacy] Polish P KOPAC dig ★★ View
27 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KAPAC dig ★★ View
28 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KOPATY dig ★★ View
29 [Legacy] Czech E KOPAT dig ★★ View
30 [Legacy] Slovak P KOPAT dig ★★ View
31 [Legacy] Czech P KOPATI dig ★★ View
32 [Legacy] Slovenian KOPAT dig ★★ View