IELex

Cognate class 196

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes ultimately cognate with 'warm' /cognate/1274/, 'freeze' in /cognate/881/ and 'cold' in /cognate/895/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *kalda- cold Proto-Germanic form. The root has no known cognates outside of the Gmc. branch. ★★★ View
2 Old Norse kaldr kaldr cold ★★★ View
3 Icelandic kaldur ˈkʰald̥ʏr cold Replaced KALDR. ★★ View
4 Faroese kaldur ˈkʰald̥ʊɹ cold ★★ View
5 Norwegian Riksmal kald kalː cold ★★ View
6 Stavangersk kalle ˈkalːə cold ★★★ View
7 Old Swedish kalder ˈkalder cold ★★ View
8 Swedish kall kalː cold ★★ View
9 Swedish Vilhelmina KAL cold ★★ View
10 Swedish Uppland KALL cold ★★ View
11 Elfdalian kold kold cold ★★★ View
12 Danish kold g̥ʰʌlˀ cold ★★ View
13 Danish Fjolde koold koːlʲ cold ★★ View
14 Old Gutnish caldr cold nominative not attested ★★ View
15 Gutnish Lau kaldar ˈkaldar cold ★★ View
16 Old English ceald cold ★★★ View
17 English cold kəʊld cold ★★ View
18 Frisian kâld kɔ:t cold ★★ View
19 Dutch koud kɑut cold ★★ View
20 Flemish KOUD cold ★★ View
21 Afrikaans KOUD cold ★★ View
22 Sranan KOUROE cold ★★ View
23 Old High German calt cold ★★★ View
24 German kalt kalt cold ★★ View
25 Pennsylvania Dutch KELT cold ★★ View
26 Luxembourgish kal cold ★★★ View
27 German Switzerland chaut cold ★★★ View
28 Gothic kalds cold ★★★ View
29 [Legacy] German Munich kalt cold < Pr. Germ. kalda- ‘cold’. ★★★ View