IELex

Cognate class 174

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Wordlist: all

Notes IE *g(h)el- 'yellow', partially cognate with items for 'green' (Buck 1949: 1059), cognate with 'white' /cognate/2411/, 'ashes' /lexeme/13550/, 'grass' in /cognate/1576/, maybe 'smooth' in /cognate/301/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Avestan zairiš yellow ★★ View
2 Avestan zairitō yellow ★★★ View
3 Sogdian zyrṭyḥ yellow Manichean ★★★ View
4 Wakhi ZERT yellow ★★ View
5 Baluchi ZARD yellow AF: ZHALOKH ★★ View
6 Kurdish zer yellow ★★★ View
7 Tajik ZARD yellow ★★ View
8 Persian ZARD yellow ★★ View
9 Waziri ZYER yellow ★★ View
10 Pashto ZER yellow ★★ View
11 Shughni zīrd yellow ★★★ View
12 Sarikoli zird yellow ★★★ View
13 Vedic Sanskrit háris yellow ★★★ View
14 Romani Greece SARI yellow L View
15 Old Church Slavonic жльтъ ʒl̩ʲtʊ̆ yellow The word 'жльтъ' is not attested in OCS. However, the derivative 'жльтѣница' 'a kind of plant with yellow flowers' and the contaminated form 'жльчь' (instead of / alongside зльчь) 'gall' show that such an adjective did exist. An alternative lexeme is 'плавъ' but it has a more specific meaning 'fair, fawn, colour of ripe cereals'. X View
16 Serbo-Croatian žut ʒûːt yellow ★★ View
17 Bulgarian жълт ʒɤɫt yellow ★★ View
18 Macedonian жолт ʒolt yellow ★★ View
19 Russian жёлтый 'ʐɔɫtɨj yellow ★★ View
20 Polish żółty ˈʐuwtɘ̟ yellow ★★ View
21 Belarusian жоўты ˈʐɔwtɨ yellow ★★ View
22 Ukrainian жовтий ˈʐɔʋtɪj yellow ★★ View
23 Slovak žltý ˈʒl̩tiː yellow ★★ View
24 Czech žlutý ˈʒlutiː yellow ★★ View
25 Sorbian Upper žołty ˈʒotɘ̟ yellow ★★ View
26 Sorbian Lower žołty ˈʐowtɘ̟ yellow ★★ View
27 Old Prussian gelatynan yellow ★★★ View
28 Latvian dzęl ̂-tęns yellow spaces or dashes inserted ★★ View
29 Lithuanian GELTONAS yellow ★★ View
30 Old Norse gulr ɡulr yellow ★★★ View
31 Icelandic gulur ˈɡ̊ʏːlʏr yellow Replaced GULR. ★★ View
32 Faroese gulur ˈɡ̊uːlʊɹ yellow ★★★ ★★ View
33 Norwegian Riksmal gul ɡʉːɽ, ɡʉːl yellow ★★ View
34 Stavangersk ɡule ˈɡʉːlə yellow ★★★ View
35 Old Swedish gul ɡuːl yellow ★★ View
36 Swedish gul ɡʉːl yellow ★★ View
37 Swedish Vilhelmina GUL yellow ★★ View
38 Swedish Uppland GUL yellow ★★ View
39 Elfdalian guol gʉəl yellow ★★★ View
40 Danish gul guˀl yellow ★★ View
41 Danish Fjolde guul ɡuːl yellow ★★ View
42 Gutnish Lau gäular ˈɡɛular yellow ★★ View
43 Old English geolu yellow ★★★ View
44 English yellow 'jɛləʊ yellow ★★ View
45 Frisian geel ge:l yellow ★★ View
46 Dutch geel ɣel yellow ★★ View
47 Flemish GEEL yellow ★★ View
48 Afrikaans GEEL yellow ★★ View
49 Sranan GEELI yellow ★★ View
50 Old High German gelo yellow ★★★ View
51 German gelb gɛlp yellow ★★ View
52 Pennsylvania Dutch GAYL yellow ★★ View
53 Luxembourgish giel yellow ★★★ View
54 German Switzerland gäub yellow ★★★ View
55 Romansh gelg yellow ★★★ View
56 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZUT yellow ★★ View
57 [Legacy] Serbian žut ʒûːt yellow ★★★ View
58 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZULT yellow ★★ View
59 [Legacy] Macedonian ZOLT yellow ★★ View
60 [Legacy] Russian P ZOLTYJ yellow ★★ View
61 [Legacy] Polish P ZOLTY yellow ★★ View
62 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZOUTY yellow ★★ View
63 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZOUTYJ yellow ★★ View
64 [Legacy] Czech E ZLUTE yellow ★★ View
65 [Legacy] Slovak P ZLTY yellow ★★ View
66 [Legacy] Czech P ZLUTY yellow ★★ View
67 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GELTONAS yellow ★★ View
68 [Legacy] German Munich gelb yellow < Pr. Germ. *gelwa-, *gulu- 'yellow'. ★★★ View