IELex

Cognate class 160

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *k(u)o-, k(u)e-, k(u)i-, k(u)a- (Walde 1930: 1.519f, Mallory 2008: 419), the same root also in 'who' /cognate/339/, 'because' /cognate/1107/ and 'how' in /cognate/242/, maybe also partly cogn. with 'some' in /lexeme/6637/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Hittite kuit what ★★★ View
2 Luvian kuī what ★★★ View
3 Lycian ti what ★★★ View
4 Tocharian A kus what cf. /meaning/who/ ★★ View
5 Tocharian B kuse what cf. /meaning/who/ ★★ View
6 Albanian çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★ View
7 Standard Albanian çfarë what ★★ View
8 Albanian Sicily çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★ View
9 Albanian Corinth çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★ View
10 Albanian Gheg çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★ View
11 Albanian Tosk çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★ View
12 Ancient Greek τί what G.sg. τίνος. Neuter singular form of cf. /lexeme/18998/ ★★★ View
13 Tsakonian τσι what ★★★ View
14 Greek τι ti what ★★★ View
15 Greek Lesbos TI what ★★ View
16 Classical Armenian զի zi what ★★★ View
17 Classical Armenian զինչ z-i(-)nč‘ what ★★★ ★★ View
18 Armenian Eastern ինչ inʧʰ what ★★ View
19 Armenian Western ինչ what ★★ View
20 Avestan kaṯ what ★★★ View
21 Sogdian cw what Sogdian ★★★ View
22 Wakhi CIZ, CICIZ what ★★ View
23 Baluchi KITHAN what ★★ View
24 Kurdish çi what ★★ View
25 Zazaki čičī what ★★ View
26 Tajik CI what ★★ View
27 Persian che tʃʰiː what ★★ View
28 Waziri KIM, TSE what ★★ View
29 Pashto CE what ★★ View
30 Shughni ca what ★★ View
31 Sarikoli cɛyz what ★★ View
32 Ossetic Iron sy sy what ★★ View
33 Ossetic Digor či či what ★★ View
34 Kata-viri kaᴵ what ★★★ View
35 Askunu what ★★★ View
36 Vedic Sanskrit kím what inter. part. at the end of a question ★★★ X View
37 Vedic Sanskrit kád what ★★★ View
38 Pāḷī kiŋ what ★★★ View
39 Khaskura KYA what ★★ View
40 Nepali ke ke what ke = inanim., ko = anim. (Turner). Removed KO 'who' (Riccardi). ★★ View
41 Assamese ki(he) what sg., AF kitā (Mayang), p.422 ★★ View
42 Oriya kɔɔṇɔ kɔɔɳɔ what Turner gives KE 'who?, anyone' ★★★ View
43 Bengali KI what ★★★ ★★ View
44 Bihari ki ki what AF kəthi ★★ View
45 Bhojpuri what ★★ View
46 Marwari kãi what direct, kiɳ (obl.) ★★ View
47 Hindi kya kjaː what ★★ View
48 Urdu کیا kjɑ what ★★ View
49 Sindhi kēharo what AF kēhō, kuj̄āṛō, ‘what, which, why, also used adjectively’; KO 'who' (Turner) ★★ View
50 Sindhi čhā what ‘of what source/kind?, neuter only View
51 Sindhi kōhu what ‘why, what for?’, neuter only ★★ View
52 Lahnda KE what ★★ View
53 Punjabi KI what ★★ View
54 Marathi kāy kaj what ★★ View
55 Kashmiri KYAH what ★★ View
56 Old Church Slavonic чьто tʃɪ̆tɔ what ★★★ View
57 Serbo-Croatian što, šta ʃtɔ̂, ʃtâ what ★★ View
58 Bulgarian какво kəˈkvɔ what ★★ View
59 Macedonian што ʃto what ★★ View
60 Russian что ʂtɔ what ★★ View
61 Polish co tsɔ what ★★ View
62 Belarusian што ʂtɔ what ★★ View
63 Ukrainian що ʂtʂɔ what ★★ View
64 Slovak čo tʃɔ what ★★ View
65 Czech co tsɔ what ★★ View
66 Sorbian Upper što ʃtɔ what ★★ View
67 Sorbian Lower co tsɔ what ★★ View
68 Slovenian kaj kǎːj what ★★ View
69 Old Prussian ka what ★★★ View
70 Latvian kas what ★★★ ★★ View
71 Lithuanian KAS what ★★ View
72 Old Norse hvat ɣvat what ★★★ View
73 Icelandic hvað xʷaːð, kʰvaːð what Replaced HVAO. ★★ View
74 Faroese hvat kʰvɛaːt what ★★ View
75 Norwegian Riksmal hvad ʋaː what ★★ View
76 Stavangersk ka ka what ★★ View
77 Old Swedish hvadh ˈhvaːð what ★★ View
78 Swedish vad vɑː(d) what ★★ View
79 Swedish Vilhelmina VA, VA what ★★ View
80 Swedish Uppland VAD, VA what ★★ View
81 Elfdalian wen wɛn what ★★ View
82 Danish hvad va what ★★ View
83 Danish Fjolde var vɑɹ what ★★ View
84 Gutnish Lau va vɑː what ★★ View
85 Old English hwæt what ★★★ View
86 English what wɒt what ★★ View
87 Frisian wat vɔt what Removed DET, HWAT. ★★ View
88 Dutch wat wɑt what ★★ View
89 Flemish WAT what ★★ View
90 Afrikaans WAT, WATTER, HOE what ★★ View
91 Old High German waz what ★★★ View
92 German was vas what ★★ View
93 Pennsylvania Dutch WAAS what ★★ View
94 Luxembourgish wat what ★★★ View
95 German Switzerland was what ★★★ View
96 Gothic ƕa what ★★★ View
97 Oscan píd what ★★★ View
98 Umbrian piře what ★★★ View
99 Latin quid kʷid what Neut. interrogative singular. ★★★ View
100 Catalan què kɛ, ke what Eastern, western. Removed QUIN. ★★ View
101 Portuguese que, o que kɨ, u kɨ what ★★ View
102 Spanish que ke what ★★ View
103 Sardinian Logudoro CHI what ★★ View
104 French Creole Dominica (KI)SA what ★★ View
105 Walloon QUI, QWE what ★★ View
106 French que what ★★ View
107 Provencal QUE what ★★ View
108 Ladin CHE what ★★ View
109 Dolomite Ladino che what Online dictionary gives cie and ce. ★★★ View
110 Romansh tgei what ★★★ View
111 Friulian ce, ce che what ★★★ View
112 Italian che ke what Also means 'who(m)', 'that'. ★★ View
113 Romanian ce ʧe what ★★ View
114 Vlach CI what ★★ View
115 Old Irish cid kʹiðʹ what ★★★ View
116 Middle Cornish pandrə pandrə what ‘what, why’ (lit. ‘which thing?’), AF drə ★★★ View
117 Middle Cornish py pi what ★★★ View
118 Old Breton pi / pe what ★★★ View
119 Middle Breton pe ˈpe what Pronoun and adjective, interrogative and exclamative. ★★★ View
120 Breton petra what ★★ View
121 Old Welsh pa / pi what ★★★ View
122 Welsh pa what ★★★ View
123 Welsh BETH what ★★ View
124 Irish cad what ★★ View
125 Scottish Gaelic ciod what ★★★ View
126 Manx cre what ★★★ View
127 [Legacy] Albanian T çfarë tʃfaɹ(ə) what ★★ View
128 [Legacy] Albanian T çë what Also used in the form ç'. From PAlb *tši continuing IE *kuid. ★★★ View
129 [Legacy] Greek K TI what ★★ View
130 [Legacy] Greek D TI what ★★ View
131 [Legacy] Greek Md TI what ★★ View
132 [Legacy] Serbocroatian STO what ★★ View
133 [Legacy] Serbian šta ʃtâ what AF što. ★★★ View
134 [Legacy] Bulgarian P STO what ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Macedonian STO what ★★ View
136 [Legacy] Russian P STO what ★★ View
137 [Legacy] Polish P CO what ★★ View
138 [Legacy] Byelorussian P STO what ★★ View
139 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SCO what ★★ View
140 [Legacy] Czech E CO what ★★ View
141 [Legacy] Slovak P CO what ★★ View
142 [Legacy] Czech P CO what ★★ View
143 [Legacy] Slovenian KAY what ★★ View
144 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KA what ★★ View
145 [Legacy] Brazilian que, o que ki, u ki what Added o que. ★★ View
146 [Legacy] German Munich was what < Pr. Germ. *hwa- ‘who? what?’. ★★★ View
147 [Legacy] French Creole C KI SA what ★★ View
148 [Legacy] Breton St pe what ★★★ View
149 [Legacy] Breton Se PETRA what ★★ View
150 [Legacy] Welsh C BETH what ★★ View
151 [Legacy] Irish A CAD what ★★ View