IELex

Cognate class 145

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes actually cognate with /cognate/2432/?
Citation: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: ... Pages: 48-49 View Middle Cornish ty, te and Old South-West British ti, te /tɪ/ < Late Proto-British *tɨ < Proto-British *ti. Old Welsh and Middle Welsh ti reflect Late Proto-British *ti < *tī. The attested form can be generated from Proto-Celtic *tū, *tu in more than one way. The Proto-Celtic nom. sg. *tū became Proto-British *tȳ < *tī, while the Proto-Cletic acc. sg. *te became *ti. Of these forms, Old Welsh generalized the former variant, Old South-West British the latter.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ thou ★★ View
2 Hittite zīk thou ★★★ View
3 Luvian thou ★★★ View
4 Luvian thou ACC ★★★ View
5 Palaic thou ★★★ View
6 Tocharian A tu thou ★★★ View
7 Tocharian B tuwe thou ★★★ View
8 Albanian ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
9 Standard Albanian ti thou Basic, informal form. ★★ View
10 Albanian Sicily ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
11 Albanian Corinth ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
12 Albanian Gheg ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
13 Albanian Tosk ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
14 Ancient Greek σύ sý thou G.sg. σοῦ ★★★ View
15 Tsakonian εκιου thou ★★★ View
16 Greek εσύ e̞ˈsi thou ★★★ View
17 Greek Lesbos ESU thou ★★ View
18 Classical Armenian դու dow thou Exceptionally from PIE *t-, presumably due to the lexeme's 'weak' intonational position within the phrase (or perhaps as a clitic). ★★★ View
19 Armenian Eastern դու du thou ★★★ View
20 Avestan tūm thou ★★ View
21 Avestan θβąm thou ★★★ View
22 Old Persian tuvam thou ★★★ View
23 Old Persian θuvām thou acc. ★★★ View
24 Sogdian tγw thou Sogdian ★★★ View
25 Khotanese thu thou ★★★ View
26 Wakhi TU thou ★★ View
27 Baluchi THAU thou ★★ View
28 Kurdish tu thou ★★★ View
29 Zazaki ti thou ★★★ View
30 Tajik tu t̪u thou ★★ View
31 Persian to t̪o thou ★★ View
32 Waziri TE thou ★★ View
33 Pashto TE thou ★★ View
34 Shughni tu, tōθ thou ★★★ View
35 Sarikoli tɛw thou ★★★ View
36 Ossetic dy thou ★★ View
37 Ossetic Iron dy dy thou ★★ View
38 Ossetic Digor du du thou ★★ View
39 Kata-viri tʷi thou ★★★ View
40 Vasi-vari iyū thou ★★★ View
41 Askunu thou ★★★ View
42 Vedic Sanskrit tvám thou ★★★ View
43 Pāḷī tuvaŋ thou ★★★ View
44 Khaskura T thou ★★ View
45 Nepali ta tə̃ thou split from DKB ★★ View
46 Assamese tay thou sg, non-hon. ★★ View
47 Assamese ti thou Mayang ★★★ View
48 Oriya to to thou fam. obl., tu (nom.) ★★★ View
49 Bihari tõ(h) thou mid-hon. ★★★ View
50 Bhojpuri tõ, tú thou ★★ View
51 Marwari tũ tũ thou direct, tɛ (obl.) ★★★ View
52 Hindi tu t̪uː thou ★★ View
53 Urdu تُو t̪u thou ★★★ View
54 Sindhi tũ tũ thou ★★★ View
55 Lahnda TU thou ★★ View
56 Punjabi tu tũ thou ★★ View
57 Gujarati TU thou ★★ View
58 Marathi tu: thou ★★ View
59 Kashmiri TSAH thou *ty > ts unexplained (Turner) ★★★ View
60 Romani Greece TU thou ★★ View
61 Old Church Slavonic ты thou ★★★ View
62 Serbo-Croatian ti tîː thou ★★ View
63 Bulgarian ти ti thou ★★ View
64 Macedonian ти ti thou ★★ View
65 Russian ты thou ★★ View
66 Polish ty tɘ̟ thou ★★ View
67 Belarusian ты thou ★★ View
68 Ukrainian ти thou ★★ View
69 Slovak ty ti thou ★★ View
70 Czech ty thou ★★ View
71 Sorbian Upper ty tɘ̟ thou ★★ View
72 Sorbian Lower ty tɘ̟ thou ★★ View
73 Slovenian ti tîː thou ★★ View
74 Old Prussian toū thou ★★★ View
75 Latvian tu thou ★★ View
76 Lithuanian tu thou ★★ View
77 Old Norse þú θuː thou ★★★ View
78 Icelandic þú θu: thou Replaced THU. ★★ View
79 Faroese tʰʉuː thou ★★ View
80 Norwegian Riksmal du dʉː thou ★★ View
81 Stavangersk du dʉː, dʉ thou ★★★ View
82 Old Swedish thu θuː thou ★★ View
83 Swedish du dʉː thou ★★ View
84 Swedish Vilhelmina DU thou ★★ View
85 Swedish Uppland DU thou ★★ View
86 Elfdalian du dʉː thou ★★★ View
87 Danish du du thou ★★ View
88 Danish Fjolde du du thou ★★ View
89 Gutnish Lau däu dɛu thou ★★ View
90 Old English þū thou ★★★ View
91 English thou ðaʊ thou ★★★ X View
92 Frisian du thou AF: DU. Changed from DOU. ★★ View
93 Sranan JOE thou ★★ View
94 Old High German thou ★★★ View
95 Old High German dih thou ★★★ View
96 German du du: thou ★★ View
97 Pennsylvania Dutch DU thou ★★ View
98 Luxembourgish du thou ★★★ View
99 German Switzerland du thou ★★★ View
100 Gothic þū thou ★★★ View
101 Oscan tiium thou ★★★ View
102 Umbrian tiu, tiom thou acc. ★★★ View
103 Latin tuː thou G.sg. tuī, D.sg. tibi, A.sg. tē, Ab.sg. tē ★★★ View
104 Catalan tu tu thou Removed TEU, TON, TA. ★★ View
105 Portuguese tu tu thou ★★ View
106 Spanish tu thou Informal. ★★ View
107 Sardinian Cagliari TUI thou ★★ View
108 Sardinian Logudoro TUE thou ★★ View
109 Sardinian Nuoro TUE thou ★★ View
110 Walloon TI thou ★★ View
111 French tu ty thou ★★ View
112 Provencal TU, TE thou ★★ View
113 Ladin TU thou ★★ View
114 Dolomite Ladino tu thou ★★★ View
115 Romansh ti thou ★★★ View
116 Friulian tu thou ★★★ View
117 Italian tu tu thou ★★ View
118 Romanian tu tu thou ★★ View
119 Vlach TINE thou ★★ View
120 Gaulish ti thou ★★★ View
121 Old Irish tu: thou ★★★ View
122 Middle Cornish ty tɪ: thou ★★★ View
123 Middle Cornish tʃi tʃi thou ★★★ View
124 Old Breton te thou ★★★ View
125 Middle Breton te ˈte thou ★★★ View
126 Breton te thou ★★★ ★★ View
127 Old Welsh ti thou ★★★ View
128 Welsh ti thou ★★★ View
129 Irish t̪ˠuː thou Removed TUSA. ★★ View
130 Scottish Gaelic thu hu, u thou ★★★ View
131 Manx oo thou ★★★ View
132 [Legacy] Albanian T ti ti thou From PAlb *tū continuing IE *tū. ★★ View
133 [Legacy] Greek K ESU, SO thou ★★ View
134 [Legacy] Greek D ESU, SU thou ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Greek Md ESU, SE thou ★★ View
136 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TI thou ★★ View
137 [Legacy] Serbian ti tîː thou ★★★ View
138 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TI thou ★★ View
139 [Legacy] Macedonian ti ti thou ★★ View
140 [Legacy] Russian P TY thou ★★ View
141 [Legacy] Polish P TY thou ★★ View
142 [Legacy] Byelorussian P TY thou ★★ View
143 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TY thou ★★ View
144 [Legacy] Czech E TI thou ★★ View
145 [Legacy] Slovak P TY thou ★★ View
146 [Legacy] Czech P TY thou ★★ View
147 [Legacy] Slovenian ti thou ★★★ View
148 [Legacy] Lithuanian O TU thou ★★ View
149 [Legacy] Brazilian TU thou ★★ View
150 [Legacy] German Munich du thou < Pr. Germ. *þū 'you' (thou). ★★★ View
151 [Legacy] Breton St te te: thou ★★★ View
152 [Legacy] Breton Se TE thou ★★ View
153 [Legacy] Welsh C TI thou ★★ View
154 [Legacy] Irish A TU thou ★★ View