IELex

Cognate class 123

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes ultimately cognate with 'breathe' /cognate/1115/, 'dull' in /cognate/989/, 'wind' in /cognate/3113/ and 'dust' in /cognate/2464/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós smoke ★★★ View
2 Hittite tuhhuwais smoke ★★★ View
3 Avestan dūta- smoke ★★★ View
4 Khotanese dumä dumə smoke ★★★ View
5 Wakhi DIT smoke ★★ View
6 Baluchi DUHON smoke ★★ View
7 Kurdish dûxan smoke View
8 Kurdish dûkel smoke View
9 Zazaki dūy smoke ★★★ View
10 Tajik DUD smoke ★★ View
11 Persian DUD smoke ★★ View
12 Waziri DE YOR LIGAI smoke ★★★ View
13 Pashto DUD smoke ★★ View
14 Shughni δud smoke ★★★ View
15 Sarikoli δyd, δud smoke ★★★ View
16 Kata-viri dʸum smoke ★★★ View
17 Vasi-vari ulyūmo smoke ★★★ View
18 Askunu dŭm smoke ★★★ View
19 Vedic Sanskrit dhūmás smoke ★★★ View
20 Pāḷī dhūma smoke ★★★ View
21 Khaskura DHUWAN smoke ★★ View
22 Nepali DHUWA smoke ★★ View
23 Assamese dhõa dhõa smoke ★★ View
24 Oriya dhũã dhũã smoke ★★ View
25 Bengali DHOA, DHUO smoke ★★ View
26 Bihari dhũa dhũa smoke ★★★ View
27 Marwari dhũnwo dhũnwo smoke ★★ View
28 Hindi DHUA smoke ★★ View
29 Urdu دُھواں d̪ʰʊwɑ̃ smoke ★★ View
30 Sindhi duuhon smoke ‘smoke, fume, vapour, smoking fire’ ★★ View
31 Lahnda DHU smoke ★★ View
32 Punjabi TUA smoke ★★ View
33 Gujarati DHUMARO smoke ★★ View
34 Marathi dhūr dʰu:ɾ smoke ★★ View
35 Kashmiri DAH smoke ★★ View
36 Sinhalese DUMA smoke ★★ View
37 Romani Greece DUMANO smoke ★★ View
38 Old Church Slavonic дымъ dɯmʊ̆ smoke ★★★ View
39 Serbo-Croatian dim dîm smoke ★★ View
40 Russian дым dɨm smoke ★★ View
41 Polish dym dɘ̟m smoke ★★ View
42 Belarusian дым dɨm smoke ★★ View
43 Ukrainian дим dɪm smoke ★★ View
44 Slovak dym dim smoke ★★ View
45 Czech dým diːm smoke ★★ View
46 Sorbian Lower dym dɘ̟m smoke An alternative lexeme is 'kuŕ' but it has also a meaning 'dust'. ★★ View
47 Slovenian dim dim smoke ★★ View
48 Old Prussian dumis smoke ★★★ View
49 Latvian dũmi smoke ★★★ ★★ View
50 Lithuanian DUMAI smoke ★★ View
51 Luxembourgish Damp smoke ★★★ View
52 Gothic þymiama smoke ‘smoke sacrifice’ ★★★ View
53 Latin fūmus ˈfuːmus smoke gen. fūmī ★★★ View
54 Catalan fum fum smoke removed GASSA. ★★ View
55 Portuguese fumo 'fumu smoke ★★ View
56 Spanish humo 'umo smoke ★★ View
57 Sardinian Cagliari FUMU smoke ★★ View
58 Sardinian Logudoro FUMU smoke ★★ View
59 Sardinian Nuoro UMU smoke ★★ View
60 French Creole Dominica LAFIME smoke ★★ View
61 Walloon FOUMIRE smoke ★★ View
62 French fumée fyme smoke ★★ View
63 Provencal FUM, FUMADO smoke ★★ View
64 Ladin FUM smoke ★★ View
65 Dolomite Ladino fum smoke ★★★ View
66 Romansh fem smoke ★★★ View
67 Friulian fum(â) smoke ★★★ View
68 Italian fumo 'fumo smoke ★★ View
69 Romanian fum smoke ★★ View
70 Vlach FUMU smoke ★★ View
71 Old Irish dʹe: smoke < IE *dhw-i(y)-Vt-; root *dheu(ə)- ' ‘to swirl; dust, smoke, steam, etc'. ★★ View
72 Irish deatach smoke ★★ View
73 Scottish Gaelic deathach smoke ★★★ View
74 Manx jaagh smoke ★★★ View
75 [Legacy] Serbocroatian DIM smoke ★★ View
76 [Legacy] Serbian dim dîm smoke ★★★ View
77 [Legacy] Bulgarian P DIM smoke ★★ View
78 [Legacy] Russian P DYM smoke ★★ View
79 [Legacy] Polish P DYM smoke ★★ View
80 [Legacy] Byelorussian P DYM smoke ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Ukrainian P DYM smoke ★★ View
82 [Legacy] Slovak P DYM smoke ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Czech P DYM smoke ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Slovenian DIM smoke ★★ View
85 [Legacy] Lithuanian O DUMAI smoke ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Brazilian FUMO smoke ★★ View
87 [Legacy] French Creole C LAFIME smoke ★★ View
88 [Legacy] Irish A DEATACH (TOIT U.) smoke ★★ View