IELex

Cognate class 1186

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes different secondary roots prob. all stem fr. the same IE *uer- 'turn' (Buck 1949: 665, Walde 1930: 1.270ff), vr̥ṅktḗ = VṚJ- in Buck < IE *wer(g)-, cogn. with 'throw' in /cognate/325/ and 'vomit' in /cognate/537/, see note on /lexeme/11363/. Slavic has many compound forms with OB- 'both', ZA- or PO-, PA-
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Avestan uruuisiieiti turn ★★★ View
2 Old Persian vartataiy turn ★★★ View
3 Vedic Sanskrit vr̥ṅktḗ turn ★★ X View
4 Vedic Sanskrit vártatē turn ★★ View
5 Pāḷī vaṭṭati turn ★★★ View
6 Marathi walne wəɭ'ɳe turn cf. Skt. VAL- 'to turn' (Buck 1949: 665), prob. ultimately fr. the same root as /cognate/1186/ View
7 Old Church Slavonic обратити ɔbrɑtiti turn ★★★ View
8 Serbo-Croatian obrnuti ɔˈbř̩ːnuti turn An alternative lexeme is 'okrenuti'. ★★★ View
9 Bulgarian обръщам uˈbrɤʃtəm turn ★★ View
10 Macedonian врти ˈvərti turn ★★ View
11 Russian поворачивать pɔvɔ'ratʃivatʲ turn ★★ View
12 Polish odwracać ɔdˈvratsatɕ turn 'turn (about head)' ★★★ View
13 Belarusian паварочваць pavaˈrotʂvatsʲ turn Depending on the context various prefixes or reflexive forms can be used. ★★ View
14 Ukrainian обертати ɔbɛrˈtatɪ turn Depending on the context various prefixes can be used, eg. 'повертати'. ★★ View
15 Sorbian Upper zwjertnyć ˈzwĕɛʀtnɘ̟tʃ turn 2. I turned my head suddenly when I heard the loud noise. ★★★ View
16 Sorbian Upper wobroćić ˈwɔbʀɔtʃitʃ turn ★★★ View
17 Sorbian Lower wobrośiś ˈhɔbrɔɕiɕ turn 2. I turned my head suddenly when I heard the loud noise. In various contexts various preffixes can be added. ★★★ View
18 Slovenian obračati ɔˈbrǎːtʃati turn An alternative lexeme is 'obrniti'. Another alternative lexeme, 'okreniti', is bookish. ★★★ View
19 Old Prussian wartinna turn ★★ View
20 Latvian vḕrš turn ★★ View
21 Umbrian couertu turn iptv. ★★★ View
22 Umbrian vurtus turn fut. pf. ★★★ View
23 Latin uertere ˈwertere turn uertō, uertere, uertī, uersum ★★★ View
24 Spanish VOLVER turn < Lat. VOLVERE ★★★ View
25 Ladin VERDSCHER turn split from DKB ★★ View
26 Romansh volver turn ★★★ View
27 [Legacy] Bulgarian P VURT A turn ★★ View
28 [Legacy] Macedonian VRTI, ZAVRTI, OBRNE turn ★★ View
29 [Legacy] Russian P VERTET turn ★★ View
30 [Legacy] Polish P WIERCIC turn ★★ View
31 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VAROCAC turn ★★ View
32 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VERTITY turn ★★ View
33 [Legacy] Slovak P VRTIET turn ★★ View
34 [Legacy] Czech P VRATITI turn ★★ View
35 [Legacy] Slovenian ABRNI SE turn ★★ View