IELex

Cognate class 1166

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *ǵhn(e)iH- (=OHG GNĪTAN, OE GNIDAN 'grind') (Derksen 2008: 170)
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Old Church Slavonic съгнилъ sʊ̆ɡnilʊ̆ rotten An alternative derivative is 'изгнилъ'. Both forms can refer to wood too. ★★★ View
2 Serbo-Croatian gnjio ˈɡɲî.ɔ rotten ★★ View
3 Bulgarian гнил gniɫ rotten ★★ View
4 Macedonian гнил ɡnil rotten ★★ View
5 Russian гнилой gnʲi'ɫɔj rotten ★★ View
6 Polish zgniły zɡɲiwɘ̟ rotten Refers to food (meet, fruits). 'spróchniały' refers to powdery, rotting trees or wood. ★★★ View
7 Belarusian гнілы ɣnʲiˈɫɨ rotten ★★ View
8 Ukrainian гнилий ɦnɪˈɫɪj rotten The lexeme refers to both food and wood. There is a special word for rotten wood: 'трухлявий'. ★★ View
9 Slovak zhnitý ˈzɦɲitiː rotten Refers to food (meet, fruits). 'práchnivý, spráchnivený, bútľavý' refers to powdery, rotting trees or wood. ★★ View
10 Czech shnilý sxɲɪliː rotten Refers to food. 'zpráchnivělý, práchnivý' refers to powdery, rotting trees or wood. ★★ View
11 Sorbian Upper zhniły ˈznʲiwɘ̟ rotten For rotten wood also 'prochniwy' is used. ★★ View
12 Sorbian Lower zgnity ˈzɡɲitɘ̟ rotten ★★ View
13 Slovenian gnil gnîːw rotten ★★ View
14 [Legacy] Serbocroatian GNJIO rotten ★★ View
15 [Legacy] Serbian gnjio ɡɲîo rotten ★★★ View
16 [Legacy] Bulgarian P GNIL rotten ★★ View
17 [Legacy] Macedonian IZGNIEN, SKAPAN, GNILI rotten ★★ View
18 [Legacy] Russian P GNILOJ rotten ★★ View
19 [Legacy] Polish P ZGNILY rotten ★★ View
20 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HNILY rotten ★★ View
21 [Legacy] Ukrainian P HNYLYJ rotten ★★ View
22 [Legacy] Czech E HNYILE rotten ★★ View
23 [Legacy] Slovak P HNILY rotten ★★ View
24 [Legacy] Czech P SHNILY rotten ★★ View