IELex

Cognate class 1114

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes may be ultimately cogn. with /cognate/519/ (but doubted by Buck and Pokorny). Are there any non-Balto-Slavic reflexes?
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *h₃ésth₁-ōi, *h₃esth₁-i-, *k-osti- bone Probable variant with initial k- (due to early PIE laryngeal reflex?) found in Slavic and Latin costa 'rib' (see Vasmer:647 and Derksen). View
2 Standard Albanian kockë bone Borrowed < Slav diminutive *kostъka for 'bone'. L View
3 Albanian Tosk KOCKE bone L View
4 Old Church Slavonic кость kɔstɪ̆ bone ★★★ View
5 Serbo-Croatian kost kɔ̂ːst bone ★★ View
6 Bulgarian кост kɔst bone ★★ View
7 Macedonian коска ˈkoska bone ★★ View
8 Russian кость kɔstʲ bone ★★ View
9 Polish kość kɔɕtɕ bone ★★ View
10 Belarusian косць kɔsʲtsʲ bone An alternative form is a diminutive 'костка' with meaning 'single bone'. ★★ View
11 Ukrainian кістка kistka bone Formally/historically a diminutive. A non-diminutive form 'кість' is used too, but the form 'кістка' is the main form. ★★ View
12 Slovak kosť kɔsc bone ★★ View
13 Czech kost kɔst bone ★★ View
14 Sorbian Upper kósć kʊstʃ bone ★★ View
15 Sorbian Lower kósć kɘ̟stɕ bone ★★ View
16 Slovenian kost kôːst bone ★★ View
17 [Legacy] Albanian T kockë bone Changed from KOSKE. Loan < Blg коцка < PSlav *kostь (Holm, 2011: 9). L View
18 [Legacy] Serbocroatian KOST bone ★★ View
19 [Legacy] Serbian kost bone ★★★ View
20 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KOST bone ★★ View
21 [Legacy] Macedonian koska ˈkɔska bone ★★ View
22 [Legacy] Russian P KOST bone ★★ View
23 [Legacy] Polish P KOSC bone ★★ View
24 [Legacy] Byelorussian P KOSC bone ★★ View
25 [Legacy] Ukrainian P KISTKA bone ★★ View
26 [Legacy] Czech E KOSTY bone ★★ View
27 [Legacy] Slovak P KOST bone ★★ View
28 [Legacy] Czech P KOST bone ★★ View
29 [Legacy] Slovenian KUST bone ★★ View