IELex

Cognate class 1050

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Notes
Citation: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science ... Pages: View The analysis as a loanword is less probable if one considers that the underlying root is well represented in Insular Celtic (PIE *treHgʰ- / *treHg̑ʰ- or *tragʰ- / *trag̑ʰ- 'to drain off, to ebb away', cf. Schumacher 2004, 635-36) and that there are nouns from this root belonging into the same semantic field: Old Breton tre, MW trei m. 'ebbtide', Old Irish tráig 'i, m/f' 'ebbtide, beach' < Proto-Brit. *trăgi̯o-. The word for sand could thus originate from an inherited tu-stem cognate with Latin tractus, i.e. Proto-Celtic *traxtus.
Citation: LEIA = Lexique étymologique de l'Irlandais Ancien. Par Joseph Vendryes, ... Pages: T-121 View Brittonic (Welsh traeth, Corn. trait, Mbr. trez 'sand') and Goidelic (OIr. tracht 'shore, bank') loanword from Latin tractus 'drawing, trail track'. Loth, Les mots latins dans les langues brittoniques 1892, s.v. traeth considers these words as Celtic however.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Old Cornish trait sand ★★★ L View
2 Middle Cornish treth trɛ:θ sand ★★★ L View
3 Middle Breton treez, træz, traez ˈtrɛːθ sand ★★★ L View
4 Breton traezh ˈtrɛːz sand ★★★ L View
5 [Legacy] Breton St traezh trɛ:s sand Also 'beach'. ★★★ View