IELex

Cognate class 1027

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Notes etym. dub. (Buck). Cognate with 'hand' /cognate/411/?
Citation: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill. Pages: 152 View From Proto-Celtic *garrV- 'calf of the leg, shank' with cognates in Oir. gairr (i m or t) 'calf of the leg', MW garr m. 'leg, shank, ham, thigh', Co. gar 'leg' and Gaulish *garra > OFr. gare 'leg'. Matasović suggests to derive these forms from the PIE word for 'hand' (PIE *ghesr > Hitt. kissar, Gr. kheir, IEW 447) and gives two possible developments that would yield the Celtic forms regularly. The semantic development was then 'hand, arm' > 'limb' > '(calf of the) leg'.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Middle Cornish garr gar: leg AF garr ★★★ View
2 Middle Breton garr, guarr ˈgarː leg ★★★ View
3 Breton gar ˈgaːr leg ★★★ View
4 [Legacy] Breton St gar ga:r leg Also '(railway) station'. ★★ View
5 [Legacy] Breton Se GAR leg ★★ View